History of Tennis, Who And Where Was Invented
Of course, tennis is a game where you must hit the ball over a net with a racquet is an entertainment and sport with a lot of history.
It has always been an activity reserved for people of the upper class and the aristocracy. But fortunately, this fact has changed over time.
The whole history of tennis and its origin
Do you know who invented tennis and where did it go? Also, we explain a lot of interesting and interesting data. You fancy?
Index of contents
- Origin of tennis
- Where tennis was invented
- Who Invented Tennis
Origin of tennis
If we talk about the origin of tennis, we have a very remote antecedent of this game that was practiced already in Persia and Egypt six centuries BC: but that yes, except that it was played with the hand.
The Greeks and also the Romans took an interest in this game and expanded it throughout the countries of the Mediterranean Sea.
Some authorized historians assert that the Arabs played it during Charlemagne’s time in Spain, and there is documentation of 1300 alluding to a similar game.
It seems King Louis X of France died of a cooling after a game of tennis in 1316. Carlos, I of Spain was excited about a ball game very similar to tennis, practiced also in the English and French courts.
Before, Anna Comnena, towards century XII, alludes to a game similar to the tennis in Byzantium. In England Henry VIII, who was an excellent tennis player, built in 1530 the famous place of Hampton Court to carry it out.
His brother Henry VII, also a great sportsman, in 1506 invited the king of Castile, Philip I the Beautiful to play a game of tennis against the Marquess of Dorset at Windsor.
Queen Elizabeth I of England was an enthusiast of this sport, though she merely saw how her father Henry VIII was playing on the grounds set up for it at Westminster and at the aforementioned Hampton Court, still in use.
Also in Scotland had this game great predicament as you see the excellent tennis court built in 1539, still in use, in the Falkland Palace.
Other kings of the English Crown, such as Charles I and Charles II, were excellent tennis players who took the initiative to build their own playgrounds in Whitehall, as described in their famous Samuel Pepys Journal.
An engraving from 1641 shows King James II of England and VII of Scotland as a child, playing and enjoying this entertainment of the upper classes on a tennis court.
The golden century of tennis was the 16th. In France, Francis I built a court or courtyard in the Louvre palace for his son Henry II, one of the best tennis players of his time, to train.
Carlos IX mediated the XVI not only was a good tennis player but that granted a real cedula to a corporation of professional tennis.
Apparently, in the year 1596, there were some two hundred and fifty places in Paris where to play tennis. So much was the liking that even an English traveler of the time writes: “There seems to be more love of the game of tennis than of beer.”
Louis XIV was an enthusiast; Also, his son. In fact, the quarters for the tennis game at Versailles were the setting, on June 20, 1789, of the beginnings of the French Revolution.
Numerous copper engravings, of the golden ages, reflect the game of tennis, with its net and its racket.
It seems that the current tennis is an evolution that was practiced in Paris on the eve of the Revolution in the Tennis Royal, whose players instead of racket or shovel used the palm of the hand.
Read also: Top 20 Tennis Players in History
Where the tennis was invented
Field tennis or modern tennis (as we know it today) is mentioned in the English magazine Sports Magazine of September of 1793.
In fact, it is considered that it was in England where tennis was born in an official way and where the first rules of tennis were still in force.
Who invented tennis?
The English military Walter Clopton Wingfield is considered the inventor of tennis. He gave tennis in 1873 the Greek name of sphairistike, patented it, marketed it and made it fashionable in the society of his time, although people began to call it tennis on grass.
Wingfield was inspired and echoed a popular Indian game called Poona, the ball game on grass resembling tennis.
In 1875 the first tennis association was created: the Leamington Club, and in 1878 the first tournaments were held at Wimbledon under the auspices of the England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club, ie grass tennis.
Walter Clopton Wingfield
After tennis was born on clay or brick dust at Roland Garros (international trophy since 1925), and modalities on tracks of special materials, tennis very fast, as the synthetic materials used.
The Davis Cup men’s international championship is perhaps one of the most important trophies, in this case, born of the sporting rivalry between the United States and Great Britain. The city of Boston was its initial stage in August of 1900. The name is due to one of the tennis players of the American equipment that donated the trophy.
It was the Olympic sport from 1896 to 1924, to reappear later in the Games of Seoul. The four grand prizes of the so-called grand slam are:
- The English Wimbledon grass championship played near the city of London.
- The French Roland Garros tournament on clay, which plays in Paris.
- The US Open or US Open, which is played in Flushing Meadows, New York.
- And the Australian Open played in the city of Melbourne.
To be the best tennis player in the world, he has to get the four of them: the first to get it the same year was the American John Donald Budge in 1938.
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